Shop Mobile More Submit  Join Login
About Deviant Artist Gorbachev TatianaFemale/Israel Group :iconmegapixel-madness: Megapixel-Madness
Recent Activity
Deviant for 8 Years
Needs Core Membership
Statistics 443 Deviations 45,466 Comments 54,324 Pageviews

Newest Deviations

Random Favourites




The Crow by maska13
The Crow
Interesting contrast in Jerusalem city. Israel, 2014'.
Aqueduct of Caesarea by maska13
Aqueduct of Caesarea

   The first aqueduct was built by Herod (37BC to 4BC), at the time the new city was founded and dedicated to the Roman Caesar, Augustus. It brought the water from the southern side of Mount Carmel, at Shummi, about 10KM to the north east of the city. The water flowed on a single raised canal, and in one section it is dug into the rock (at  Jiser e-Zarka, an Arab village north of Caesarea).
   Since even this was not sufficient,  a second aqueduct was built by the Legions of the Emperor Hadrian (2nd C AD). It brought water from Tanninim (Crocodiles) river, farther from Shummi. This section, with a tunnel of about 6KM long, was tapped into the older aqueduct, and doubled its capacity.  This new source of water was added to the right of the first canal, and the aqueduct was thus doubled in width. The builders used the same building materials and style, so it is hard to see that the pair of tunnels were built in different ages.
   These twin parallel aqueducts, termed today as the High-level aqueducts, continued to supply water for 1200 years. During the ages it was repaired several times. In the marsh lands east of Jiser e-Zarka a bypass canal was built to overcome the damages.
   After that time the aqueduct was beyond repair. Therefore, in the Crusaders period (12th Century A.D.), a third, smaller,  canal was built that replaced the first two.  At that time the City was smaller and required less water, so the third smaller canal was sufficient.
   Another (forth) lower aqueduct was built during the Byzantine period in order to satisfy the growing needs for fresh water supply to the large city. This aqueduct started from a new source of water: the springs at Maagan Michael, several kilometers north to Jiser-E-Zarka. Since the water level was too low, a dam was built in order to create a lake, thus raising the water levels at the source. Then, a canal was dug in the sandstone ridge and brought the water to the city. This canal was laid lower and to the east of the raised Aqueduct.
Caesarea, 2014, Israel.



Gorbachev Tatiana
Current Residence: Israel
Favourite genre of music: power metal, speed metal
Favourite photographer: you ;)
Favourite style of art: Classic
Operating System: Mac OS X
Skin of choice: rustproof steel
Favourite cartoon character: Ed, Edd & Eddy
Personal Quote: Live and give to live for other!

Winner of the Pets in Black and White contest!

Dear Friends please look and add to fav's this awesome works!
Sorry my long silence - I was very busy...

First place: :iconarkus83:
Cats love by Arkus83
La jeune fille aux loups I by Arkus83 Cutie by Arkus83 Touche coloree by Arkus83
White Rhino by Arkus83
Bullet; Red Second place: :iconlashellevalentine:
Love in Black and White by LashelleValentine
Four or Five or Something Like That by LashelleValentine Little Prince by LashelleValentine Those Eyes by LashelleValentine
Battle Scars by LashelleValentine

Bullet; Red Third place: :iconadderka1:

<da:thumb id="402860207"/>    <da:thumb id="407184610"/>    <da:thumb id="407004664"/>    <da:thumb id="380890993"/>

Honorable mentions:
Lazy Cat by Lasiu7 Stars In His Eyes by HiawathaPhoto Sleeping Neko by NitzanB

AdCast - Ads from the Community





Add a Comment:
MustafaSEZER Featured By Owner 14 hours ago  Hobbyist Photographer
Thank you so much my dear friend ,
Have a wonderful weekend  :wave::hug:

Dieffi Featured By Owner 1 day ago  Hobbyist Photographer
      WOooHOoo by LOVEMAYU  :iconlambplz:  WOooHOoo by LOVEMAYU  :icongoatplz:  WOooHOoo by LOVEMAYU

T (Alphabets) H (Alphabets) A (Alphabets) N Alphabets (Words) K Alphabets (Words) S (Alphabets) 
:iconemptyspaceplz:  F (Alphabets) O Alphabets (Words) R (Alphabets) 
:iconemptyspaceplz:  T (Alphabets) H (Alphabets) E (Alphabets)
:iconemptyspaceplz::iconemptyspaceplz:  F (Alphabets) A (Alphabets)   V (Alphabets)

Bernardlick by Faircloth-DigiTalArt
MYPeanutGallery Featured By Owner 1 day ago
Give-Thanks by KmyGraphic

Thanks for the Fave!
PridesCrossing Featured By Owner 2 days ago
:) Thanks for :iconbigfav4plz: ing my work!
maxlake2 Featured By Owner 2 days ago  Hobbyist Photographer
Thank you, dear! :aww:
Add a Comment: